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连城客家话完成貌句式的历史层次

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发表于 2006-7-11 23:07:26 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
作者:  项梦冰
来源: 语言学论丛 1卷 1期


中文题名: 连城客家话完成貌句式的历史层次
英文题名:  The Historical Stratum of the Sentence-type of Perfective Aspect in Liancheng Hakka

作者单位:  北京大学

中文摘要: 连城客家话的完成貌助词有“已、了、来、得、撇”五个。本文在描写由这五个完成貌助词构成的句式的基础上,进一步讨论这些完成貌助词和句式的历史来源,指出这五个完成貌助词及其构成的句式应区分为三个层次:唐以前的层次(“已”、“了”)、唐宋的层次(“来”、“得”)和晚近的方言创新层次(“撇”)。唐以前的层次和晚近的创新层次是方言固有的,而唐宋层次则可能是从当时的京师语言里引进的。文章还介绍了五个完成貌助词的连用情况,指出其连用规律由完成貌助词的“年龄”控制,即年龄越小,位置越靠前;年龄越大,位置越靠后。
中文关键字: 连城客家话 完成貌句式 历史层次
英文摘要: There are 5 perfective aspect auxiliaries in Liancheng Hakka. They are 已, 了, 来, 得 and 撇. In this article we are going to further discuss the historical origin of these perfective aspect auxiliaries and their sentence patterns based on the description of the sentence patterns of the 5 perfective aspect auxiliaries. It points out that there should be 3 strata in the 5 auxiliaries and their sentence patterns: 1. The stratum before Tang Dynasty. In this stratum, 已 and 了 are included. 2. The stratum in Tang and Song Dynasty. We find 来 and 得 in this stratum. 3. The new developed stratum in the late times. 撇 is the one in this stratum. The stratum before Tang Dynasty and the new developed stratum were already existing in the dialect, but the one in Tang and Song Dynasty could have been borrowed from the language used in the capital city. This article also introduces the situation when some of the 5 auxiliaries are used together in one sentence. It points out that the “age” of the perfective aspect auxiliaries decides the rule of where the auxiliaries should be in the sentence, i.e. if the auxiliary is younger, it position is closer to the beginning of the sentence; if it’s older, it will be closer to the end of the sentence.
英文关键字: Liancheng Hakka, sentence-type of perfective aspect, historical stratum
文章内容(PDF): 无文章内容

参考文献:  
文献标识码:  A理论与应用研究学术论文(包括综述报告)
更新日期: 2005年04月11日
发表于 2009-12-16 16:52:43 | 显示全部楼层
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